INDIAN CARPETS


The production of Indian carpets begun in the 16th century during the Moghul dynasty. The first specimens were strongly influenced by Persian carpets; they were luxurious pieces conceived to beautify court palaces.


Punjab India  Taj Mahal  Lal Qila, Red fort, Delhi, India

Antique Indian carpets resemble Safavid’s pieces in the designs and overall composition, which mainly comes in naturalistic ornamental motifs. Flowers are the key pattern of these carpets and are depicted in the form of corollas richly scattered throughout the fields or arranged in elegant vines.


The whole decoration is enhanced through the carpet colouration which relies on hues such as red with almost blue nuances, called Lac red, obtained from cochineal. Red is combined with white, green, yellow, gold and light blue, achieving a stunning chromatic effect.


 

Indian Carpets, Agra Staple

 

Master craftsmen from the Moghul period are renowned for their great Exclusive silk carpet weaving as well. Indian carpts have high knot density from 900 to 2000 knots per square centimetre in handicrafts with cotton warp, but some silk ‘masterpiece’ can even reach 40000 knots per square centimetre.

Indian carpets were woven using top notch quality materials like cashmere wool and silk, which sometimes was even enriched with gold and silver yarns.

Antique Indian specimens can be divided into different categories. The most common is the prayer design with outline of a Mehrab placed above a bed of flowers. These carpets were mainly produced in the city of Lahore on the border between India and Pakistan and feature a richly decorated border filled with flowers and vines.

Some specimens are seen influenced by the Indo-Persian production with a palmette pattern which strongly resembles that of antique Persian carpets. Borders filled with Herati motifs also show the Iranian influence.


 

Srinagar stale indian Carpet with a persian inspiration

 


Indian carpets typically represent animal figures or hunting scenes, always dating back to Moghul’s production.


After the end of the Moghul dynasty in 1858 Indian carpet weaving entered a period of crisis during which India was invaded by numerous populations, ranging from the Afghans, the Iranians and then the British. Synthetic dyes were introduced and Persian motifs gradually became a standard reference. From the second half of the 20th century, after gaining independence from the United Kingdom, the production of Indian carpets returned to its glorious past. This was especially due to the investments in training new craftsmen which gave birth to a new generation of skilled weavers creating high end rug productions.